GIGONDAS These 89 wines seemed definitely less ripe than the Châteauneuf 2015s, and more astringent on the finish, as though the phenolics didn’t always ripen fully. The floral and black-cherry aromas I found in many a Châteauneuf were largely absent here. Overall I felt the appellation was rather less successful. To reduce the number of wines tasted to a manageable level, I limited the number of cuvées tasted per producer in some cases.
Tardieu-Laurent, Vieilles Vignes 2015 Gigondas 85% Grenache (80 to over 100 years old), 10% Syrah (80 to over 100 years old), 5% Mourvèdre (80 to over 100 years old). From the Dentelles, Boussière, Garrigues and Teysonnières. Two-thirds whole bunch. Aged in one-year-old barrels.
Dark purplish crimson. This sample smelt just a little tired unfortunately. There is massive ripeness here and almost animal savour. A little saltiness. This particular sample didn’t quite hang together and seemed a tad scrawny on the end but I can quite believe this was down to the condition of the sample rather than the intrinsic worth of the wine. 14.5% Drink 2017-2022 £195 per case of 12 ib RRP 15.5
Dom de Longue Toque 2015 Gigondas 60% Grenache, 40% Syrah. The Grenache is matured in mix of concrete vats and demi-muids, the Syrah in French oak for about 18 months. Cask sample.
Tasted blind. Bright crimson. Very fresh nose with lots of drive and energetic tannins. An excellent package for mid-term drinking though not one of the most long-term wines. Drink 2020-2027 16.5
Gabriel Meffre, La Châsse Grande Réserve 2015 Gigondas Grenache, Syrah, Mourvèdre. Cask sample.
Tasted blind. Slightly dull crimson. Rather muddy, vegetal nose. Edge of sourness rather than freshness and very solid fruit that seems quite evolved. Useful for restaurateurs? Drink 2018-2024 16
Louis Bernard 2015 Gigondas Grenache, Syrah. Cask sample.
Tasted blind. Bright crimson. Sweet, rich, unadorned, almost rude fruit. Very straightforward with good freshness. Super-healthy. Drink 2020-2028 16.5
Ravoire & Fils, Olivier Ravoire 2015 Gigondas 85% Grenache, 15% Syrah, destemmed and vinified separately. 20% of the final blend is aged 12 to 18 months in new barrels (225 litre for Syrah and half barrels for the Grenache), the rest is aged in stainless-steel tanks. Cask sample.
Tasted blind. Dense, velvety crimson. There is even a hint of black-cherry opulence here. Velvet texture – very worked? – but nothing overripe. A Gigondas in ‘modern’ idiom with some oak influence evident. A love or loathe wine. 14% Drink 2021-2028 16.5
Dom des Bosquets (Bréchet) 2015 Gigondas 70% Grenache, 20% Syrah, 7% Mourvèdre, 3% Cinsault. Vinified in stainless steel. Matured for 12 months in various sized oak vessels for the Syrah, concrete tank for the Grenache, Mourvèdre and Cinsault. After blending, the wine will mature a further six months in concrete tanks before bottling. Cask sample.
Tasted blind. Slightly grey crimson. Very ripe indeed and then some leathery tannins. So sweet! Not quite fresh enough for my taste. Falls away a little on the end. 15.6% Drink 2020-2026 16
Dom des Bosquets (Bréchet), Le Lieu Dit 2015 Gigondas Mostly Grenache. Vinified in stainless steel, matured in 600-litre old oak demi-muids. Cask sample.
Tasted blind. Relatively light crimson. Sweet, ripe Grenache on the nose. Light and lively. Well-judged, sprightly, entertaining wine. 16.2% Drink 2019-2026 17
Dom des Bosquets (Bréchet), La Colline 2015 Gigondas Grenache-dominated blend. Vinified in stainless steel. Matured in 500-litre demi-muids, first and third use. Cask sample.
Tasted blind. Blackish crimson. Full, opulent, floral notes on the nose. Racy palate with real energy. Sweet finish. The fruit almost obscures the fine tannins. 16.3% Drink 2020-2027 16.5+
Dom de Cabasse, Jucunditas 2015 Gigondas 80% Grenache, 20% blend of Syrah and Mourvèdre. 100% destemmed. Vinified in concrete tank, matured in oak, a mix of demi-muid and barrique. Cask sample.
Tasted blind. Pale-rimmed crimson. Meaty nose with very fine tannins. Good freshness without its being dominant. A well-balanced wine for fairly early drinking. Some heat on the end. 14.5% Drink 2019-2025 16.5
St-Damien, Les Souteyrades 2015 Gigondas 80% Grenache, 20% Mourvèdre. Cask sample.
Tasted blind. Dark ruby with a fading rim. Sweet, salty and floral on the nose with medium weight, fully ripe fruit. Lightly grainy tannins. Nice package for early to mid-term drinking. 15% Drink 2019-2025 16
There was very exuberant fruit on palate entry in these 67 wines in general (and sometimes the distinct impression of residual sugar) with few wines showing great sophistication. And as with Gigondas 2015s, many of these Vacqueyras showed notably drying tannins (was this a lack of phenolic ripeness?) and some of the wines were marked by a strong green streak on the palate. Overall they seemed much earlier-maturing than either Gigondas or Châteauneuf.
Tardieu-Laurent, Vieilles Vignes 2015 Vacqueyras 70% Grenache (over 60 years old), 25% Syrah (40 years old), 5% Mourvèdre (40 years old). Two-thirds whole bunch, aged in one-year-old barrels.
Blackish ruby. Sweet and silky on the nose – most alluring already. Heady. Round with very gentle tannins that make their presence felt only on the very end, along with a hint of alcoholic warmth. This really does taste of Provençal sunshine; there could even be a hint of lavender along with the sautéed plums. 14.5% Drink 2018-2026 £175 per case of 12 ib RRP 17
Dom de la Charbonnière 2015 Vacqueyras 60% Grenache, 40% Syrah. Aged in large oak.
Round and ripe with some structure. Ambitious and a little dry on the end but not excessively drying. Ambitious. 15.5% Drink 2019-2026 16.5+
Dom de la Charbonnière, Cuvée Spéciale 2015 Vacqueyras All Grenache, a new cuvée made from a parcel acquired in 2014. Philippe Cambie now consults here.
Tasted blind. I seem to have been more impressed by this producer’s Vacqueyras than by their Châteauneuf. Purplish. Some interesting ripe fruit on the nose here. Ripe and well balanced. Proper full ripeness and some ripe and substantial but not drying tannins too. Serious stuff. 15.5% Drink 2020-2027 17
Ravoire & Fils, Olivier Ravoire 2015 Vacqueyras 80% Grenache, 20% Syrah. Destemmed. 20% spends 12-18 months in new barrels of 225 litres for the Syrah and in demi-muids for the Grenache, the rest in concrete tanks.
Tasted blind. Opulent texture and candied rose petals on the nose – but just a bit too sweet and sickly for comfort. Shame because it has so much going for it. Falls off a ledge at the end. 14% Drink 2017-2020 15.5
Gabriel Meffre, Laurus 2015 Vacqueyras 70% Grenache, 30% Syrah. Destemmed. A third of the blend spends 14 months in new 275-litre barrels.
Tasted blind. Blackish crimson. Light nose with a suggestion of carbonic gas. Sweet start and some raciness. Not the subtlest, deepest wine but it is appetising. No great length but should give considerable short-term pleasure. 14.5% Drink 2017-2021 16
Gabriel Meffre, Barthélemy 2015 Vacqueyras Grenache, Syrah.
Tasted blind. Blackish crimson. Not much nose – just a slightly industrial whiff. Sweet start and then very drying finish with rather a hollow middle. Drink 2018-2022 15.5
Dom de Longue Toque 2015 Vacqueyras 60% Syrah, 40% Grenache. Destemmed. Grenache spends six months in tank and Syrah in oak.
Tasted blind. Dark purple. Really quite a lot of blue in the colour here. Spicy ripe fruit. But also drying tannins on the end – just a bit pinched. 15% Drink 2019-2023 16
I tasted these immediately after the Rasteau and noted an enormous difference. The Cairanne wines were more refined and obviously from cooler climes, but were notably good.
Dom des Coteaux des Travers, Terra Rosea 2015 Cairanne 70% Grenache, 30% Mourvèdre. Destemmed and fermented in wooden tronconic vats. Élevage in 70% concrete, 30% 228-litre one- and two-year-old barrels for 10-12 months.
Tasted blind. Mid crimson with shading. Notably spicy nose. Green-strawberry flavours. Very racy and refreshing. Cool site? No weight at all. The thirst-quenching side of southern Rhône. 14.5% Drink 2017-2021 16
Dom des Escaravailles, Ventabren 2015 Cairanne 70% Grenache, 20% Syrah, 10% Carignan. Élevage in concrete tanks. Tank sample.
Tasted blind. Dark crimson. Straightforward, sweet fruit without any exaggeration. Clean and workmanlike with Cairanne freshness. Very brisk indeed. Quite long and neat. 15% Drink 2018-2024 16+
Dom des Escaravailles, La Boutine 2015 Cairanne Mostly Grenache. Nine months in concrete tank.
Tasted blind. Light crimson. Straightforward, fully ripe fruit, unadorned. Round, juicy and thoroughly local. Pure pleasure in the strawberry/rose-petal idiom. Masses of sweetness and transparency. Very honest. Even if not for the very long term. Real grunt and authenticity to this wine. Lovely freshness on the end after all that sweet fruit. 15% Drink 2018-2022 16.5
Good density of fruit here.
Maby, Nessun Dorma 2015 Lirac 50% Grenache, 25% Syrah, 25% Mourvèdre. Destemmed. 60% aged in oak (one-third new), 40% in concrete tanks for 15 months. Tank sample.
Tasted blind. Blackish crimson. Ripe, opulent nose. A little confected with some sharp drying tannins on the end. Not settled down to a comfortable whole yet but there is masses of ripe fruit anyway. Exuberant. 15% Drink 2018-2023 16-
Maby, Bel Canto 2015 Lirac 100% Grenache, whole bunch. Aged in demi-muids (half new) for 15 months. Tank sample.
Tasted blind. Blackish crimson. Very opulent nose and round tannins. Very drying end. A bit uncomfortably over the top. And then it all falls away on the end. 15% Drink 2018-2022 15.5
Maby, La Fermade 2015 Lirac 80% Grenache, 15% Mourvèdre, 5% Syrah. Destemmed. In cement tanks for 15 months. Tank sample.
Tasted blind. Blackish crimson. Intense, glossy, glamorous wine with real line and punch. Very appetising with ripe but not particularly sweet fruit. Carefully guided. Very smart indeed. May be GV? 14.5% Drink 2018-2024 16.5
I thought most of these wines showed particularly well, with the Pique Basse and Beaurenard better than many a Châteauneuf.
Dom des Coteaux des Travers, La Mondona 2015 Rasteau 70% Grenache, 20% Syrah, 10% Mourvèdre. Destemmed and fermented in wooden tronconic tanks. Tasted blind. Aged 10-12 months in 70% concrete and 30% 228-litre barrels of first and second use. Tank sample.
Tasted blind. Dark crimson. Intense and gorgeous on the nose though a tiny bit astringent on the finish. Good combo of ripeness and freshness but not quite a hedonistic whole. 15% Drink 2019-2024 16
Tardieu-Laurent, Vieilles Vignes 2015 Rasteau 65% Grenache (80 years old), 25% Syrah (40 years old), 10% Mourvèdre (40 years old on limestone clay and blue clay). One-third whole bunch, aged in one-year-old barrels.
Dark ruby. Colour not quite out to the rim. Notably gamey/meaty on the nose (a Mourvèdre effect?). Sweet, roasted start and without quite the concentration of the top Côtes du Rhône bottlings. But masses of tannins on the end. 14.5% Drink 2018-2023 £155 per case of 12 ib RRP 16+
Grand Nicolet, Terre des Bertrand 2015 Rasteau 70% Grenache, 15% Syrah, 15% Carignan. Élevage in concrete tank. Tasted blind.
Dark crimson. Racy and fully evolved. Expressive, confident, no-frills fruit . Edgy and energetic. Long and relaxed. Really most impressive on the finish. But a very different style to the most ‘worked’ examples. 15% Drink 2018-2023 16.5
Grand Nicolet, Vieilles Vignes 2015 Rasteau 60% Grenache, 30% Syrah, 10% Mourvèdre. Élevage mostly in concrete with 10% of the Syrah in one- to three-year-old barriques for 12 months. Tank sample.
Tasted blind. Very dark crimson. Sample rather oxidised. Thick and soupy on the palate – this has lost its mojo. Hugely impressive concentration but not enough true freshness. There is even a hint of mousiness on the end but this may just be a sample problem. 15% Drink 2018-2022 15.5
Grand Nicolet, Les Esqueyrons 2015 Rasteau 50% Grenache (80-year-old vines), 50% Syrah (50-year-old vines). The Syrah is aged in one-year-old barriques for 12 months. Tank sample.
Tasted blind. Blackish purple. Raw, purple fruits on the nose. Sweet and velvety. Fades a bit on the finish though. Like the Grand Nicolet Vieilles Vignes, this may be a sample problem but both wines seem a bit over the top. 15% Drink 2019-2023 15.5
Dom des Escaravailles, Héritage 1924 2015 Rasteau Mostly Grenache. In concrete tanks for nine months.
Tasted blind. Dark ruby. Some damp-fur elements plus very ripe, intense fruit. Dry tannins on the end but lots of concentration and ambition. Hot end (rare for Rasteau). Fun to drink! Racy strawberry fruit. 15% Drink 2017-2023 16.5
Dom des Escaravailles, La Ponce 2015 Rasteau 80% Grenache, 20% Syrah. The Grenache is in concrete tank for a year and the Syrah in oak barrel for a year. Tank sample.
Tasted blind. Blackish crimson. Rather oxidised sample but with lots of suave fruit underneath. Drawing-room Rasteau rather than the rustic sort! Maybe another sample would be even more impressive… Lots of punch. I suspect I am under-scoring this wine. 15% Drink 2018-2025 16
CÔTES DU RHÔNE-VILLAGES, PLAN DE DIEU
Calendal 2015 Côtes du Rhône-Villages, Plan de Dieu 70% Grenache, 30% Mourvèdre. Aged in 225-litre barrels for nine to 10 months.
Tasted blind. Bright dark crimson. Sweet with oak more in evidence than the fruit. Lots of sweet juiciness and very smoothed tannins but it’s more a cellar wine than a vineyard one. 15.5% Drink 2018-2022 15.5
CÔTES DU RHÔNE-VILLAGES, ROAIX
Dom des Escaravailles, Les Hautes Granges 2015 Côtes du Rhône-Villages, Roaix Mostly Syrah. Nine months in oak.
Tasted blind. Dark, glossy blackish crimson. A charred nose. This wine seems to have been overworked. So much extraction that it has virtually lost its fruit in the middle. Too much emphasis on the phenolics? A rather bitter end. 15% Drink 2018-2021 15
CÔTES DU RHÔNE-VILLAGES, SABLET
Dom de Cabasse, Les Deux Anges 2015 Côtes du Rhône-Villages, Sablet 75% Grenache, 3% Carignan, 22% Syrah. Vinified in concrete but spends some time in wood.
Tasted blind. Dark ruby with a pale rim. Warm, spicy, slightly animal nose with only medium intensity. Seems very advanced without much tannin evident. Pleasant, quite simple wine with slightly stewed fruit. 14% Drink 2016-2019 15
CÔTES DU RHÔNE-VILLAGES
Tardieu-Laurent, Les Becs Fins 2015 Côtes du Rhône-Villages 50% Grenache (60 years old), 40% Syrah (30 years old), 10% Cinsault (60 years old). Ten months in cement.
Dark purplish crimson. Vibrant peppery fruit on the nose and still quite tight on the finish. Clearly made to last. Drying tannins on the end at the moment. GV 14.5% Drink 2017-2020 £95 per case of 12 ib RRP 16
CÔTES DU RHÔNE
Look out for the popular Guigal red Côtes du Rhône 2015 when it is released early in 2018. It is exceptional quality for a wine of which five million bottles are made and has, in the past anyway, represented outstanding value.
Tardieu-Laurent, Guy Louis 2015 Côtes du Rhône 60% Grenache (50 years old), 35% Syrah (40 years old), 5% Mourvèdre (30-40 years old). From parcels in Lirac, Rasteau, Beaume de Venise , Vacqueyras and Cairanne. One-third whole bunch and aged in one- and two-year-old barrels.
Very ripe, luscious nose with very well-managed tannins. I might take this for a Gigondas blind. Sweet and much more approachable than the Becs Fins bottling. GV 14.5% Drink 2016-2022 £130 per case of 12 ib RRP 16.5
Tardieu-Laurent, Cuvée Spéciale 2015 Côtes du Rhône 95% Grenache, 5% others (70 years old). All whole bunch and aged in two-year-old barrels.
Spicily perfumed. More aromatic and lifted than the Guy Louis 2015. On the palate it is still pretty grainy and, with all those tannins on the end, needs further ageing but it should age very gracefully. Definitely many cuts above the appellation average. Ambitious. This will be released only in autumn 2017 and Corneys are selling it specifically in magnums. Drink 2018-2024 £180 per case of 6 magnums ib Corney & Barrow 16.5
Le Clos du Caillou, Bouquet des Garrigues 2015 Côtes du Rhône 65% Grenache, 15% Syrah, 10% Mourvèdre, 10% Carignan. Tank sample.
Light garnet. Sweet, light, sweet and simple. A tad pinched on the end. Drink 2017-2020 £110 per case of 12 ib H2Vin 15.5
Le Clos du Caillou, Les Quartz 2015 Côtes du Rhône 85% Grenache, 15% Syrah. Tank sample.
Sample a little tired on the nose but it’s extremely luscious on the palate. Sweet, salty and strawberry. May be a bit much for some palates but there is no shortage of personality. Drink 2018-2023 £159 per case of 12 ib H2Vin 17-
Le Clos du Caillou, Réserve 2015 Côtes du Rhône 85% Grenache, 15% Syrah. Tank sample.
Light, fresh and much tighter than the Quartz Côtes du Rhône. Broad and polished with rather a severe finish. Drink 2019-2025 £205 per case of 12 ib H2Vin 16
Tardieu-Laurent 2015 Bandol 95% Mourvèdre (over 50 years old), 5% Grenache (over 50 years old). Clay-limestone soils on Le Castellet. One-year-old barrels.
Purplish crimson. Not as expressive on the nose as the southern Rhône wines. It’s all tarry and buried… Very sweet start and then it really dries out the inside of the mouth. Quite a different build! It could do with a little more juice. Not very expressive on the palate either at this stage. 14% Drink 2020-2026 £185 per case of 12 ib RRP
2013 Tenet Wines Syrah The Pundit, 90 points
This deep ruby-colored Syrah, which includes some fruit from the exciting new Rocks appellation, offers perfumed scents of crushed blackberry, cassis, licorice and violet. Its very primary, intense flavors of black fruits and cocoa powder are given a youthful edge by penetrating acidity. (ST)
15 Delightful Rhône Values
New reviews of affordable reds and whites from France
Tasting Highlights bring the best wines from our editors’ most recent tastings to WineSpectator.com members.
Neither 2013 nor 2014 will go down in history as great vintages in the Rhône Valley, though the region managed to turn out numerous excellent wines while other regions in France foundered. That effort extends through the value-priced offerings, as demonstrated by these 15 new releases.
Lirac is located just across the river from Châteauneuf-du-Pape and is blessed with stony and pebbly soils similar to those of its better-known neighbors, but with markedly less expensive land prices and wines. The white from Famille Bréchet, owners of Château Vaudieu in Châteauneuf-du-Pape, is a delight, offering textbook white Rhône flavors of flowers and orchard fruits.
Rodolphe de Pins’ Château de Montfaucon is also in Lirac, and this vigneron continues to cobble together small parcels of old-vine varieties for his various blends. His Comtesse Madeleine bottling combines Viognier, Marsanne, Picpoul and Bourboulenc. The white from Domaine de la Mordorée is also lovely, offering another testament to the skills of the late Christophe Delorme.
Located just between the Northern Rhône and southern Beaujolais, Éric Texier’s property always manages to produce intriguing wines. His Roussanne bottling is a delight.
Influential consulting winemaker Philippe Cambie checks in with his Domaine Calendal, a ripe, fruit-driven red that shows good stuffing for the vintage. And there’s plenty more to choose from here, including excellent values from big-name producers such as Chapoutier, Domaine de la Janasse and André Brunel of Les Cailloux fame.
Keep an eye out for my annual tasting report on the Rhône Valley in the upcoming Nov. 30 issue of Wine Spectator.
FAMILLE BRÉCHET Lirac White Plateau des Chênes 2014 Score: 90 | $24
Very racy in feel, with jasmine, citrus oil and white peach notes, carried by a stony edge. The long, fresh finish echoes with a hint of yellow apple skin. Drink now. 300 cases imported.—J.M.
CHÂTEAU DE MONTFAUCON Côtes du Rhône White Comtesse Madeleine 2014 Score: 90 | $22
This offers a delicious, unctuous mix of apricot, anise, peach and melon flavors, backed by light almond and brioche notes. A good juicy edge keeps this energetic. Drink now. 100 cases imported.—J.M.
DOMAINE DE LA MORDORÉE Lirac White La Reine des Bois 2014 Score: 90 | $40
Lively, with enticing yellow apple, melon rind and white peach flavors, liberally laced with honeysuckle and quinine notes. Energetic finish. Drink now. 30 cases imported.—J.M.
ST.-COSME Côtes du Rhône White 2014 Score: 90 | $23
A broad, ripe style, with apricot, nectarine and tangerine flavors, liberally lined with toasted almond and warmed brioche notes. The ample underlying zip keeps this honest, revealing a lingering hint of salted butter. Drink now. 147 cases imported.—J.M.
ÉRIC TEXIER Roussanne Côtes du Rhône Brézème 2014 Score: 90 | $31
Offers an alluring, creamy feel, with tasty apricot, nectarine and orange blossom notes. Reveals an almond tinge on the finish. A flattering style. Drink now. 250 cases made.—J.M.
DOMAINE CALENDAL Côtes du Rhône-Villages Plan de Dieu 2013 Score: 89 | $29
Stylish, with black tea and cinnamon notes gliding around a core of lightly steeped plum and anise flavors. The long, silky finish lets the spice hint linger. Drink now. 300 cases imported.—J.M.
DOMAINE DE LA JANASSE Côtes du Rhône White 2014 Score: 89 | $21
Ripe and racy, with a bright fennel edge lifting the core of apricot, white peach and yellow apple fruit. A twinge of bitter almond echoes on the finish. Drink now. 335 cases imported.—J.M.
CHÂTEAU PESQUIÉ Vin de France Terrasses White 2014 Score: 89 | $14
Very juicy in feel, with lots of pineapple, white peach, star fruit and yellow apple flavors bouncing along. A bright floral edge frames the pure finish. Viognier, Roussanne and Clairette. Drink now. 385 cases imported.—J.M.
DOMAINE ROCHE Côtes du Rhône-Villages Cairanne 2013 Score: 89 | $20
Direct, with a tasty beam of steeped plum and blackberry fruit, lined with subtle anise and singed juniper notes. A lightly woodsy tug holds the finish. Drink now. 450 cases imported.—J.M.
ÉRIC TEXIER Côtes du Rhône White Adèle 2014 Score: 89 | $19
Very fresh, with deliciously pure creamed melon and yellow apple fruit flavors that race along, highlighted by honeysuckle and heather notes. Drink now. 500 cases made.—J.M.
PIERRE AMADIEU Côtes du Rhône-Villages Cairanne Les Hautes Rives 2014 Score: 88 | $22
Ripe and fresh, with succulent plum and raspberry fruit flavors, held together by a racy graphite edge. A licorice snap note emerges on the finish. A solid version. Drink now. 400 cases imported.—J.M.
ANDRÉ BRUNEL Côtes du Rhône White Domaine de la Becassonne 2014 Score: 88 | $19
A fresh style, with a blanched almond frame around the apple, fennel and white peach flavors. Sleek finish. Drink now. 800 cases imported.—J.M.
DOMAINE DE LA JANASSE Côtes du Rhône-Villages Terre d’Argile 2013 Score: 88 | $25
This has a slightly soft, plump feel, with plum sauce and raspberry coulis notes that glide along, carried by melted red licorice and warmed fruitcake hints. A crowd-pleaser. Drink now. 1,200 cases imported.—J.M.
DOMAINE PÉLAQUIÉ Côtes du Rhône White 2014 Score: 88 | $13
A floral, racy style, with good cut to the edges. A core of star fruit, fennel and white peach flavors bounces along. Drink now. 1,000 cases made.—J.M.
M. CHAPOUTIER Côtes du Rhône White Belleruche 2014 Score: 87 | $16
Juicy, with anise, yellow apple and pineapple fruit flavors bouncing along. Stays lively through the finish. Drink now. 40,000 cases made. —J.M.